How to Get the Most From Your Exercise
While through many studies exercising is proven to be beneficial for our health, unfortunately many people do not get all the benefits or expected results from their exercise and this may discourage them from continuing exercise. Any exercise program requires a proper nutritional support which is shown to substantially improve the outcome.
Exercise impacts our body's metabolism and with correct nutrition we are able to increase this impact contributing to gain better results. Through a process called Catabolism the food is broken down to its small building blocks which is used by the cells to produce energy (ATP). Every activity in our body requires energy, for example energy is used for detoxification, repair, growth, fighting disease, producing enzymes, producing hormones, and many other activities. The process of using energy to produce new compounds and molecules is called Anabolism.
A proper nutrition during exercise should provide energy for the muscle's activities, repair, growth, or maintenance. During exercise our muscles first obtain their energy from their limited reserves of ATP and other molecule called Creatine Phosphate, but this source quickly runs out. Then muscles via aerobic metabolism use Glucose at the presence of oxygen to produce their required ATP. When there is not enough oxygen supply, muscles via anaerobic metabolism use Glucose to produce energy and this process results in production of another compound called Lactic Acid which causes soreness and pain in the muscles. As the Glucose reserves decrease muscles turn to Fat and Protein for their source of energy.
The intensity, type of exercise and the group of muscles involved in an exercise program affect the metabolism and create different results. For instance, anaerobic exercises involving short but intense muscle activates like weight lifting cause muscle growth; while, aerobic exercises involving long term but low level of muscle activities like running, biking, and swimming result in weight loss, better respiration and cardiovascular health. Combination of both methods will help with better muscle mass and weight loss.
One of the common reasons why people stop exercising is feeling of fatigue and long recovery periods. Providing muscles with energy during exercise will reduce fatigue and reduce time of recovery. A group of supplements are proven to effectively be able to support muscle function, repair, strength, and energy.
N Acetyl L Carnitine is the biologically active form of amino acid L Carnitine shown to deliver fat to the mitochondria to produce energy. Because of its essential role in transporting fat to mitochondria to produce energy, Carnitine is an effective fat burning supplement. Studies on L Carnitine L Tartrate reveal that it substantially increases burning glucose and fat in muscles and promotes better output when taken over 24 weeks with moderate exercise. Also, studies show that L Carnitine improves muscle recovery and reduces the muscle stress markers. Researches also suggest that L Carnitine improves the vascular function, and could be used to prevent risk of heart disease. L Carnitine is available in different forms, the studies for its benefits on fat metabolism, muscles, recovery, and vascular health are done mainly on the L CarnitineL Tartrate form; while, studies on its benefits for brain used N Acethyl L Carnitine.
Carnosine is made up of two amino acids including beta-alaniane and histidine produced by our cells. It is more found in Muscles, Brain, and Heart. Carnosine in muscles prevents fatigue, and offsets the effects of lactic acid. Carnosine level of muscles increases during exercise. During exercise muscle cells use beta-alanine to produce Carnosine, however their ability to do so and the availability of beta-alanine is limited. Based on studies Carnosine helps to neutralize the high amount of free radicals produced during exercise, and it balances the PH of the muscles. Human trial showed improvement in the muscle power in sprinting concluding that the Carnosine's amount in the muscles could result in the better performance. In the brain it plays a protective role against toxins, and it the Heart it helps in regulating the heart beats. Research on human tissue also suggest Carnosine could provide anti aging benefits as well.
Mitochondria as energy factories of our cells require sufficient amount of Coenzyme Q10 to produce energy. Mitochondria are damaged by the free radicals and unable to produce CoQ10, causing aging and age related diseases. Those tissues that require higher energy also have more number of mitochondria and that means they need more Co Enzyme Q10. Other than participating in energy production, Co Enzyme Q10 acts as an antioxidant and by neutralizing free radicals it reduces their damaging effects on the cells.
Protein Supplements are commonly used providing spectrum of benefits. High quality of lean Whey Protein is easily absorbed quickly providing the muscles with amino acids they need to repair and recover. Among the plant proteins, pea protein provides higher amounts of Glutamine, Arginine,and Branched Chained Amino Acids. According to a human study from Pennington Biomedical Research Center, calories derived from protein is more stored as muscle tissue, while the other sources of calorie such as fat and carbohydrate are stored as fat. This study suggests that protein may have an impact on the body's fat percentage. And higher muscle mass translates to increase in metabolism.
Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. Our body is unable to make Essential Amino Acids ; therefore, they must be sourced from food and supplements. Research shows Essential Amino Acids Valine, Leucine, and Iso Leucine which are known as Branched Chain Amino Acids are particularly important to prevent muscle tissue from being used for energy production, and to improve muscle performance.
Among the amino acids, L Glutamine is comparably found in higher levels in the body; however, it depletes quickly during exercise, after surgeries, and during sickness such as infections. Studies have shown those athletes with lower levels of glutamine are more exposed to respiratory infections, and Glutamine supplementation reduced their respiratory infections rates. Glutamine also found to prevent muscle damage , and loss of muscles as source of energy; therefore, it helps with maintaining the muscle mass and promotes recovery.
Amino Acid L Argenine is an essential amino acid rich in nitrogen group. It is important in wound healing, immune function, cell division, growth hormone production, and it is precursor to Nitric Oxide (NO). L Argenine dilates the blood vessels promoting better blood supply to the muscles and reduces the heart over load. Studies show that oral supplementation with L argenine increased the Growth Hormone production specially when combined with exercise.
Researchers suggest supplementing with D ribose will help to keep the energy (ATP) levels high and reduce recovery time. This is very helpful during exercises like long distance running, swimming and biking when muscles require sustained amount of energy to perform. Ribose is used to improve performance during exercise by supplying energy, it reduces cramp and pain from exercise. It is also helps to improve symptoms related to Chronic fatigue, Fibromyalgia, and coronary heart disease.
Amino acid Creatine, according to many studies participates in production of ATP by providing Phosphate Group, therefore the muscles get less tired, and less Lactic Acid is produced. It has shown to be effective in increasing lean muscle mass and strength. Research suggest that Creatine is mostly effective in high density exercises, such as weight lifting or those sports which require high amount of energy in short period of time; while, there is less evidence to support its benefits for aerobic type of exercise.Creatine is an osmotically active molecule and drives water in to the muscles, so at first the weight gain is due to the water retention, then later due to its effects on muscular strength and providing better energy, it helps to carry more weights and that will build muscle mass. Metabolite of the Creatine is Creatinine which has to be eliminated via kidneys regardless of the Creatines' types on the market.
Usually recommended Multivitamins for active lifestyle are designed to provide assistance filling the nutritional gap necessary to maintain energy, repair, and prevent deficiencies. Some of the active multivitamins contain more antioxidants and energy enhancing compounds; however, they are still only one of the basic parts of a healthier and active lifestyle and certainly should not be considered as a replacement for other nutritional requirements and a healthy balanced diet.
Articles and products featured by Health Palace are collected from a variety of sources and are provided as a service by Health Palace. These newsletters, while of potential interest to readers, do not necessarily represent the opinions nor constitute the advice of Health Palace. Presented materials are only for information purposes and do not intent to treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
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